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PD Dr. Nicole Prommer

PD Dr. Nicole Prommer
Associate Professor at the Department of Sports Medicine / Sports Physiology
University of Bayreuth, Germany

Scientific focus

Exercise science including exercise physiology and metabolism and its application in elite sports and in exercise and health

Main focus: 

  • Development of a method and device to facilitate blood volume measurements in humans
  • Implementation of the novel method to quantify the effects of endurance training and altitude training measures as well as talent identification
  • Development of a method to simplify the measurement of energy expenditure and its application in the field of exercise and health
  • Development of a screening method to detect blood manipulation 
  • Hematologic and respiratory adaptation to intermittent hypoxia
Academic career
  • 2009 Habilitation (equivalent to a PhD program in exercise physiology)
    Topic: Importance of blood for endurance performance
    University of Bayreuth, Dept. Sports Physiology, Germany
  • 2004 Doctoral Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy in exercise physiology)
    Topic: Effects of chronic intermittent hypoxia on maximal aerobic performance and it’s limiting functional systems
    University of Bayreuth, Dept. Sports Physiology, Germany
  • 2001 Diploma in Sports Management (Title: Diploma ~ Master of Science)
    Additional certificate: Master in Health and Fitness
    University of Bayreuth, Germany

Dr. Prommer received several awards for the method to determine blood volume and haemoglobin mass.

Reference list

Dr. Prommer has several publications in peer reviewed journals on the topic blood volume and haemoglobin mass

First author:

  1. Prommer, N.; Thoma, S.; Quecke, L.; Gutekunst, T.; Völzke, C.; Wachsmuth, N.; Niess, A.; Schmidt W.:
    Total hemoglobin mass and blood volume of elite Kenyan runners. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 42(4): 791-797, 2010.
  2. Prommer, N.; Schmidt, W.:
    Haemoglobin mass and exercise. (German) Standards der Sportmedizin. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin, 60(9): 293-294, 2009.
  3. Prommer, N.; Sottas, P.E.; Schoch, C.; Schumacher, O.; Schmidt W.:
    Total haemoblobin mass – a new parameter to detect blood manipulation? Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 40(12): 2112-8, 2008. 
  4. Prommer, N.; Ehrmann U.; Schmidt, W.; Steinacker, J.M.; Radermacher, R.; Muth, C.-M.:
    Total haemoglobin mass and spleen contraction: a study on competitive apnea divers, non-diving athletes and untrained control subjects. European Journal of Applied Physiology 101(6): 753-9, 2007. 
  5. Prommer, N.; Schmidt, W.:
    Loss of CO from the intravascular bed and its impact on the optimised CO rebreathing method. European Journal of Applied Physiology 100(4): 383-91, 2007.
  6. Prommer, N.; Heinicke, K.; Viola, T.; Cajigal, J.; Behn, C.; Schmidt, W.:
    Long-term intermittent hypoxia increases O2-transport capacity but not VO2max. High Altitude Medicine and Biology 8(3): 225-35, 2007.


  • Schmidt, W.; Prommer, N.:
    Impact of alterations in total hemoglobin mass on VO2max. Exercise and Sports Science Reviews 38(2): 68-75, 2010. 
  • Mørkeberg, J.; Sharpe, K.; Belhage, B.; Damsgaard, R.; Schmidt, W.; Prommer, N.; Gore C.J.; Ashenden, M.J.:
    Detecting autologous blood transfusions: a comparison of three passport approaches and four blood markers. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2009 Nov 9. [Epub ahead of print] 
  • Schmidt, W.; Prommer, N.:
    Effect of various training modalities on blood volume. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sport 18(Suppl.1): 59-71, 2008. 
  • Schmidt, W.; Prommer, N.; Steinacker, JM.; Böning. D.:
    Sense or absurdity of maximum permissible haematological values in endurance sports. Consequences arising out of the doping affairs of Turin 2006. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin 57: 54-56, 2006. 
  • Schmidt, W.; Prommer, N.:
    The optimised CO-rebreathing method: a new tool to determine total haemoglobin mass routinely. European Journal of Applied Physiology 95: 486-495, 2005. 
  • Heinicke K., Prommer N., Cajigal J., Viola T., Behn C., Schmidt W.:
    Long-term exposure to intermittent hypoxia results in increased hemoglobin mass, reduced plasma volume, and elevated erythropoietin levels in man. European Journal of Applied Physiology 88: 535-543, 2003.